An eponym is a person, a place, or a thing after whom or which someone or something is, or is believed to be, named. The adjectives which are derived from the word eponym include eponymous and eponymic.
The word America is named after Italian Map maker, Amerigo Vespucci.
2. Caesar Salad
Restaurateur Caesar Cardini created the salad that now bears his name.
This word is named for an Irish land agent, Captain Charles C. Boycott.
Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit is the physicist for whom this temperature measurement is named.
The word zipper started as a branded name. BF Goodrich put this fastener on a pair of boots they sold and called it a zipper. The name stuck, and now the word is used to universally describe this type of fastener.
This is named after the 7th Earl of Cardigan. He led troops who wore this garment into battle.
While some of the backstories may be lore, it is true that the word sandwich is named for the Earl of Sandwich.
Jean Nicot sent powdered tobacco leaves and seeds back to France when he visited Portugal as an ambassador.
This field, used in trucks and other equipment is named after Rudolph Diesel.